Atmosphere is the blanket of gas that makes our planet livable. It blocks the harmful rays of the sun and traps the heat to make life comfortable. However, harmful pollutants have given rise to global warming causing a shift in the earth’s atmosphere. With the onset of acid rain and thinning of the ozone layer, atmospheric aging is brought about on premature skin. Below we are going to talk about what causes atmospheric aging and how could we protect ourselves.
Atmospheric aging factors
Ultra violet (UV) radiation
You can still find an article we wrote before explain sunburn in detail. While UVA rays penetrate the skin’s innermost layer causing discoloration and disintegration of skin’s structural support, UVB rays affect skin’s superficial layer causing sunburn leading to skin cancer.
Ozone upper atmosphere helps prevent the harmful sun rays to reach the earth’s atmosphere. While ozone at ground level is formed when pollutants emitted by chemical factories, vehicles, refineries etc. Ozone depletion damages the skin’s connective tissues. It is responsible for pigmentation and causes loss of elastin and collagen resulting in severe skin damage.
Infrared rays (IR)
Infrared radiation is an electromagnetic radiation that isn’t really seen but felt in the form of heat. Ir-a is a type of infrared rays which perforate the skin layers deeper than UV rays. The infrared rays are known to trigger the production of free radicals, which speeds skin aging and decreases collagen production.
Visible impact on our skin
The harmful elements are the main cause of extensive and early skin damage and aging. They damage the genetic material of the skin’s cells, that slows the process of collagen production. Skin issues like noticeable aging lines, wrinkles, loss of firmness and pigmentation are caused.
People most vulnerable to sun’s harmful light are the ones who have to spend long hours in the sun. Also those who are subjected to chemical pollutants are highly susceptible to pre-mature skin aging and related problems.
How to choose right antioxidants
The solution to keeping early onset of skin maturity is to apply sunscreen all the time without fail. Sunscreens with SPF 30 and more help provide a coating over the surface of your skin preventing photo aging.
However, sunscreens alone aren’t enough to help save the skin from radical damage. Antioxidants protect skin by inhibiting production of free radicals making the skin cells stronger from inside. The best antioxidant will show proof of having gone through many clinical tests and fitting the formulation parameters that are required for effective skin protection.
To reverse skin damage you should invest in a good combination of anti-wrinkle formula as per your skin type, which has antioxidants and SPF of more than 30.